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On the cover
7 (2014)
Tunnelling Towards Hope

28 February - 6 March 2014

Ukraine History

A Stronghold of Rulers and Rebels

With the recent death toll jumping to nearly 100 and 1,000 injured, Hrushevskoho Street, one of the strongholds of EuroMaidans three-month-long protests, made headlines around the globe. It was here, on 19 January the countrys stand against government corruption, abuse of power, and the violation of human rights turned from peaceful protest to all-out revolution. Having witnessed much over the years, Hrushevskoho is a street with a history, and not only care of recent days.


Ukraine Today
Acelebrity using their status and intelligence to influence public views and opinion is rarely seen in modern society, even less so in Ukraine. Here, the majority of celebs use their time, effort, and money to enhance or further their career rather than put their name to something that can do good for others. However, as EuroMaidan intensifies, some are making themselves heard and they fall either side of the EuroMaidan divide.
It used to be that when rebellion and revolution occurred, the intellectual, creative, and spiritual elite would be front and centre.


Ukrainian Culture

When Walls Can Talk

People have been writing on walls since the dawn of civilisation, we call it graffiti, and ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings. Sometimes it is merely the creator wanting to leave his or her mark; sometimes there is an underlying social or political reason. And it is due to the latter that graffiti has exploded across Kyiv in recent months. Anti dictator messages aside, we peel back a few layers of paint to look at graffiti in the city in general.


Ukraine History

Bombed Out

Sixty-eight years ago, Kyiv was a city on its knees. World War II had ended in Europe with VE Day (Victory in Europe) on 8 May 1945. The USSR celebrated the end of hostilities in what it dubbed the Great Patriotic War a day later. In Kyiv, there was little to celebrate, there were no scenes of jubilation as seen on both sides of the Atlantic in Trafalgar and Times squares, instead weary survivors simply tried to eke out an existence in the rubble. To commemorate Victory Day, Whats On looks at the event that forever changed the face of the city.

Ukraine is believed to be the greatest victim of World War II, due to a combination of suffering the most material damage combined with among the greatest human losses of any country.
Ukraines suffering in World War II is generally unknown to the world because it was in the interest of the Soviet UNI0N and Moscow to emphasise the sacrifice and struggle of the Russian people. Ukraine sits in third place behind Russia and Germany respectively in terms of total human lives lost, but convert that to percentages and Ukraine tops the table.
The Russian Government assesses total deaths at 26.6 million across the former USSR. Russias 13.9 million dead amounted to 13% of the population, in percentage terms Ukraines losses were greater 16% or 6.9 million. Germany is estimated to have lost 5.5 to 6.9 million or 7.9 to 10% of its people and was engaged in war for two years before the USSR became embroiled in the conflict. So how was Ukraine more devastated than Germany?
One reason is Ukraine suffered twice from a scorched earth policy conducted by the two greatest totalitarian powers of the 20th century: first Stalins Soviet Russia, followed by Hitlers Nazi Germany. Nowhere were these polices more evident than in Kyiv, a city that from August 1941 to December 1943 was occupied by both forces. Both sides showed little regard for the citys infrastructure. Khreshchatyk and most of the centre was reduced to rubble, the bridges across the Dnipro were gone and 80% of the citys population were homeless thats if theyd survived...Kyivs population in 1940 was 900,000 and in 1945 only 186,000...

Victory Day Events
Official 9 May commemorations take place with wreaths laying at the Unknown Soldiers Tomb in Park Slavi (Park of Glory) at the intersection of Sichnevogo Povstaniya and Suvorova streets followed by commemorations and concert on Maidan Nezalezhnosti and Khreshchatyk. Alongside these will be a raft of events to commemorate Victory Day, including a festival.
From 5 to 12 May, the IX International Military History Festival Great Victory, May 45 organised by Kyiv military history club Krasna Zvezda (Red Star) and Dovzhenko Kino Studio will be staged in and around Kyiv.
As part of the festival, from 6 to 12 May at Pyrohiv Museum of Folk Architecture and Life, military camps will be staged to reflect the lives of soldiers and officers from the Red Army as well as Nazi forces.
On 9 May there will be a military-history parade involving all vehicles from Krasna Zvezdas collection within the grounds of the Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 19411945 in the shadow of the Rodina Mat (Mother Motherland) statue.
On 11 May from 12.00 at Pyrohiv a large-scale battle reconstruction dubbed Austria will recreate the fighting on the Third Ukrainian Front. Military vehicles, aircraft, and cavalry will feature in the reconstruction.

Jared Morgan

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    Ukraine Truth
    Rights We Didnt Know We Had

    Throughout EuroMaidan much has been made of Ukrainians making a stand for their rights. What exactly those rights are were never clearly defined. Ukraine ratified the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1952. The first article of the Declaration states all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, they are endowed with reason and conscience, and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. The ousted and overthrown Ukrainian government showed to the world they dont understand the meaning of these words.

    Kyiv Culture

    Pulling Strings
    Located on Hrushevskoho Street the epicentre of EuroMaidan violence, home to battles, blazes and barricades childrens favourite the Academic Puppet Theatre had to shut down in February. Nevertheless, it is getting ready to reopen this March with a renewed repertoire to bring some laughter back to a scene of tragedy. Operating (not manipulating) puppets is a subtle art that can make kids laugh and adults cry. Whats On meets Mykola Petrenko, art director of the Theatre, to learn more about those who pull the strings behind the show.


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